Category : 【 THE NEW KOREA 】::┣Chapter [IV] ~ [V] Tag :
The Civil Service
Appointment and Salary--
Appointment to the government service in Korea is made in conformity with very elaborate rules and regulations, which, in the main, follow the lines of the Imperial Japanese services. Provision is made for a lower and for a higher examination of candidates, for salaries and allowances, for promotion, for pensions, for leave of absence, and for the appointment, resignation, and dismissal of officials.
Civil servants are classified by rank and by grade in the rank. The highest ranks are those of Shinnin and Chokunin; the next lower rank is Sonin; and the lowest rank attached to any official of the Government-General is Hannin. Promotion goes from grade to grade within the rank, and from rank to rank. For the appointment, resignation, or dismissal of civil servants of Sonin rank the Governor-General obtains the Imperial assent, through the Prime Minister of Japan; in respect of persons of Hannin rank the Governor-General decides.
The total salary of an official is made up of his regular salary, and his additional salary (for colonial service). In the Shinnin and Chokunin ranks the yearly total salaries range from that of the Governor-General, 12,000 yen, down to 6300 yen, which is paid to Chief Public Procurators of Local Courts and to Presidents of Professional Schools. In the Sonin rank the range is between 6300 yen and 1260 yen; and in the Hannin rank between 3840 yen and 652 yen, according to grade and nature of employment.
In addition to the foregoing salaries there are three kinds of special allowances: residential allowance, where a residence is not provided; traveling allowances, approximately equal to out-of-pocket expenses; and bonuses. There is no fixed rate for the bonus, but it is usually between 80 per cent and 100 per cent of a month's pay. The general rule is that the lower the pay the higher the rate of the bonus.