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[IV-4] GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION  [THE NEW KOREA]

ORGANIZATION OF THE GOVERNMENT-GENERAL (As of March, 1923)
Central Offices

GOVERNOR-GENERAL'S SECRETARIAT:

Private Secretaries Office, Councillors Office, Inspectors Office, Foreign Affairs Section, General Affairs Department, Public Works Department, Railways Department.

HOME AFFAIRS BUREAU:

Local Administration Section, Social Works Section, Officials Training Institute.

FINANCIAL BUREAU:

Internal Revenue Section, Customs Section, Budget Section, Financial Section.

INDUSTRIAL BUREAU:

Agricultural Section, Afforestation Section-Branches, Fishery Section, Commercial and Industrial Section, Mining Section--Branches, Land Investigation Section, Geological Investigation Office, Fuel Laboratory, Commercial Museum.

JUDICIAL BUREAU:

Civil Section, Criminal Section, Prison Section.

EDUCATIONAL BUREAU:

School Affairs Section, Compiling Section, Historic Remains Inquiry Office, Religious Section, Museum, Meteorological Observatory--Branches.

POLICE BUREAU:

Police Affairs Section, High Police Section, Peace Preservation Section, Sanitary Section, Export Cattle Inspecting Station.


Affiliated Offices
CENTRAL COUNCIL:

General Affairs Section, Investigation Section.

PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT:

Governor's Secretariat, Internal Affairs Department, Financial Department, Police Department, Municipalities--Districts--Islands, Charity Hospitals, Police Stations.

POLICE TRAINING INSTITUTE.

COMMUNICATIONS BUREAU:

General Affairs Section, Supervising Section, Accounts Section, Engineering Section, Electric Works Section, Marine Affairs Section--Branches, Special Water-power Inquiry Section, Postal Money Order and Savings Supervising Office, Post Offices-Branches, Employees Training Institute, Sailors Training Institute.

MARINE COURT.

MONOPOLY BUREAU:

General Affairs Section, Management Section, Manufacturing Section, Branch Offices.

CUSTOMS:

General Affairs Section, Surveillance Section, Customs Duty Section, Inspecting Section, Branch Offices, Coastguard Stations.

LAW COURTS:

Supreme Court--Procurators Office, Appeal Courts --Procurators Offices, Local Courts--Procurators Offices, Local Branch Courts.

RRISONS--BRANCHES.

PUBLIC DEPOSITORIES.

LUMBER UNDERTAKING STATION:

General Affairs Section, Management Section, Saw Mill, Branch Offices.

GOVERNMENT-GENERAL HOSPITAL:

Medical Departments, Medicine Section, General Affairs Section, Nurses and Midwives Training Institute.

GOVERNMENT CHARITY ASYLUM:

Orphans Department, Blind and Deaf-Mutes Department, General Affairs Section.

MODEL FARM:

Branches, Sericultural Experimental Station, Sericultural School for Girls.

CENTRAL LABORATORY.

CATTLE-DISEASE SERUM LABORATORY.

FISHERIES EXPERIMENTAL STATION.

FORESTRY EXPERIMENTAL STATION.

PERSONAL OF THE GOVERNMENT0-GENERAL
The following table shows the number of officials of the GovernmentGeneral engaged in each branch of administration. The figures refer to the fiscal year 1922-23.

High
Officials
Subordinate
Officials
Total
The Government-General:   
General Secretariat52361413
Bureau of Home Affairs83240
Bureau of Finance115162
Bureau of Industry48226274
Bureau of Justice52025
Bureau of Education3113546
Bureau of Police244973
Total159774933
Offices Affiliated to the   
Government-General:   
Central Council3912
Higher Land Investigation Committee........11
Forest Investigation Committee5611
Bureau of Communications511,5021,553
Bureau of Monopoly35401436
Customs11345356
Supreme Court12517
Courts of 1st and 2nd Instance258650908
Prisons22140162
Government Higher Schools84266350
Provincial Government and
its Sub-ordinate Agencies
4874,8535,340
Government Lumber Business11147158
Government Hospitals and Asylums.224769
Heijo Coal Mine Station41317
Model Farm123749
Experimental Stations103949
Police Training Institute5712
Total1,0328,4689,500
Grand total1,1919,24210,433

The terrible economic effects of the Japanese earthquake, 1923, made it necessary to adopt throughout the Empire a policy of drastic retrenchment in government expenditures. One of the measures carried out in Korea was the reduction by nearly twenty-five per cent of the number of government officials.

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